Chris is Chief Innovation Officer for Global Information and Communications Technology Development at the World Bank
World bank focused on two specific goals: End extreme poverty in the world by 2030 (people who live on $1.25 a day or less – several billion people); Boost shared prosperity of the bottom 40%.
4 degree centigrade change of world temperature will cause mass upheaval and migrations to cities. If that happens in the next 5-10 years we will see conflicts emerge, if not war. The Bank is putting $28 billion each year into lending to governments to build infrastructure, connectivity and innovation.
The world is at a tipping point. The world will experience a population of 9 billion people this century. You have to feed them – we will have to become 60% more efficient in how we create food. 4.5 billion people now don’t have access to proper sanitation. 1.3 billion don’t have electricity. 2.5 billion don’t have clean fuel to cook. We’re experiencing rapid urbanization,causing massive shifts, mostly in developing countries. Glimmer of hope: most people moving into cities are moving to cities of 500,000 or less.
Disruption – Cannot do things the same old way. How do you innovate with no resources? If you believe Cisco that there will be 50 billion objects connected to the Internet, and look at 6.8 billion cell phones in the world (more than toilets), you see that we have moved over the past 20 years to the idea of individual empowerment. Individuals are increasingly empowered to take greater control of how they live, work, and play.
Institutions as the platform – governments open up data and let other people create value around it. Huge for governments to let go and let people see.
Community is the capacity – let the community solve problems
Customer is the approach – governments have lost sight of who we serve. Forget that it’s all about the individual. We need to be worried about user-centered design. If you invite them in at the beginning it goes better, cheaper, faster.
We get so caught up in the procurement rules that we don’t let people who identify the problem with people who can create solutions. Entrepreneurship In Residence program in San Francisco – develope products and services for the public sector market.
Creation – In an analogue world, policy dictates delivery. In a digital world, delivery informs policy – Mike Bracken. Doing RFPs – take a year or two to solve a problem that may no longer exist or at a price you can’t afford. IF we iteratively build solutions, we can take it to the policy makers and say “here, this is what works”. UK government is leading the world in this. He shows a drawing of a new model for the World Bank innovation involving academia, citizens, and private sector.
Case study – Project in Tasmania called sense-t. Project of 39 research and educational organizations in Australia and New Zealand. Been gathering sensor data for 20 years, kept by the University of Tasmania. Intended to provide decision support tools for people in all sectors in the Australian economy. Example: oysters. THey put sensors on oysters , tracking respiration rate, to understand what warming and pollution are doing in water. Saving oyster farmers up to $150,000 per day because they’re no longer being shut down just in case. Imagine if we could track that oyster all through the supply chain. Could help provide safety and security of food supply.
How do we scale it?
Connect the next billion – do we create open networks? Do we work with Google on their fiber? Do we use balloons? Satellites? R&E networks are part of the solution.
Innovate innovation itself. – we think we know best. 9 times out of 10 we are wrong.